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CISCO路由器配置小结

时间:2019-12-21 02:34:00 来源:网络整理 作者:admin 点击:
启动接口,分配IP地址: router> router> enable router# router# configure terminal router(config)# router(config)# interface Type Port router(config-if)# no shutdown router(config-if)# ip address IP-Address Subnet-Mask router(config-if)# ^z

配置RIP路由协议:30秒更新一次 router(config)# router rip router(config-if)# network Network-Number router(config-if)# ^z

配置IGRP路由协议:90秒更新一次 router(config)# router igrp AS-Number router(config-if)# network Network-Number router(config-if)# ^z

配置Novell IPX路由协议:Novell RIP 60秒更新一次 router(config)# ipx routing [node address] router(config)# ipx maximum-paths Paths router(config)# interface Type Port router(config-if)# ipx network Network-Number [encapsulation encapsulation-type] [secondary] router(config-if)# ^z

配置DDR: router(config)# dialer-list Group-Number protocol Protocol-Type permit[list ACL-Number] router(config)# interface bri 0 router(config-if)# dialer-group Group-Number router(config-if)# dialer map Protocol-Type Next-Hop-Address name Hostname Telphone-Number router(config-if)# ^z

配置ISDN: router(config)# isdn swith-type Swith-Type router(config-if)# ^z

配置Frame Relay: router(config-if)# encapsulation frame-relay [cisco | ietf ] router(config-if)# frame-relay lmi-type [ansi | cisco | q933a ] router(config-if)# bandwidth kilobits router(config-if)# frame-relay invers-arp [ Protocol ] [dlci ] <--配置静态Invers ARP表: router(config)# frame-relay Protocol Protocol-Address DLCI [ Broadcast ] [ ietf | cisco ] [ payload-compress | packet-by-packet ] --> <--设置Keepalive间隔: router(config-if)# keepalive Number --> <--为本地接口指定DLCI: router(config-if)# frame-lelay local-dlci Number --> <--子接口配置: router(config-if)# interface Type Port.Subininterface-Number [ multipoint | point-to-point ] router(config-subif)# ip unnumbered Interface router(config-subif)# frame-lelay local-dlci Number --> router(config-if)# ^z

配置标准ACL: router(config)# access-list Access-List-Number [ permit | deny ] source [ source-mask ] router(config)# interface Type Port router(config-if)# ip access-group Access-List-Number [ in | out ] router(config-if)# ^z

配置扩展ACL: router(config)# access-list Access-List-Number [ permit | deny ] [ Protocol | Protocol-Number ] source source-wildcard [ Source-Port ] destination destination-wildcard [ Destination-Port ] [ established ] router(config)# interface Type Port router(config-if)# ip access-group Access-List-Number [ in | out ] router(config-if)# ^z

配置命名ACL: router(config)# ip access-list [ standard | extended ] ACL-Name router(config [ std- | ext- ] nacl)# [ permit | deny ] [ IP-Access-List-Test-Conditions ] router(config [ std- | ext- ] nacl)# no [ permit | deny ] [ IP-Access-List-Test-Conditions ] router(config [ std- | ext- ] nacl)# ^z router(config)# interface Type Port router(config-if)# ip access-group [ACL-Name | 1~199 ] [ in | out ] router(config-if)# ^z

配置DCE时钟: router# show controllers Type Port router(confin-if)# clock rate 64000 router(config-if)# ^z

配置PPP协议: router(config)# username Name password Set-Password-Here router(config)# interface Type Port router(config-if)# encapsulation ppp router(config-if)# ppp outhentication [ chap | chap pap | pap chap | pap ] router(config-if)# ppp pap sent-username Name password Password router(config-if)# ^z

PAP单向认证配置实例: 验证方: router-server(config)# username Client password 12345 router-server(config)# interface serial 0 router-server(config-if)# encapsulation ppp router-server(config-if)# ppp authentication pap router-server(config-if)# ^z 被验证方: router-client(config-if)# encapsulation ppp router-client(config-if)# ppp pap sent-username Client password 12345 router-client(config-if)# ^z

PAP双向认证配置实例: 路由器 A: routerA(config)# username B password 12345 routerA(config)# interface serial 0 routerA(config-if)# encapsulation ppp routerA(config-if)# ppp authentication pap routerA(config-if)# ppp pap sent-username A password 54321 routerA(config-if)# ^z 路由器 B: routerB(config)# username A password 54321 routerB(config)# interface serial 1 routerB(config-if)# encapsulation ppp routerB(config-if)# ppp authentication pap routerB(config-if)# ppp pap sent-username B password 12345 routerB(config-if)# ^z

CHAP单向认证配置实例: 验证方: router-server(config)# username router-client password 12345 router-server(config)# interface serial 0 router-server(config-if)# encapsulation ppp router-server(config-if)# ppp authentication chap router-server(config-if)# ^z 被验证方: router-client(config-if)# encapsulation ppp router-client(config-if)# ppp authentication chap router-client(config-if)# ppp chap hostname router-client router-client(config-if)# ppp chap password 12345 router-client(config-if)# ^z

CHAP双向认证配置实例: 路由器 A: routerA(config)# username routerB password 12345 routerA(config)# interface serial 0 routerA(config-if)# encapsulation ppp routerA(config-if)# ppp authentication chap routerA(config-if)# ppp chap hostname routerA routerA(config-if)# ppp chap password 54321 routerA(config-if)# ^z 路由器 B: routerB(config)# username routerA password 54321 routerB(config)# interface serial 1 routerB(config-if)# encapsulation ppp routerB(config-if)# ppp authentication chap routerB(config-if)# ppp chap hostname routerB routerB(config-if)# ppp chap password 12345 routerB(config-if)# ^z

Telnet使用: routerA# terminal monitor routerA# telnet IP-Address [ Router-Name ] routerB# [ exit | logout ] routerB# ++再按 routerA# show sessions routerA# Connect-Number routerA# disconnect IP-Address [ Router-Name ] routerA# show user routerA# clear line [ 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 ]

禁止任何Telnet到本机: router(config)# line vty 0 4 router(config-line)# access-class ACL-Number router(config)# ^z

设置主机名: router(config)# hostname Set-Hostname router(config)# ^z router(config)# ^z

设置用户模式密码: router(config)# line console 0 router(config-line)# login router(config-line)# password Set-Password router(config-line)# ^z 设置Telnet密码: router(config)# line vty 0 4 router(config-line)# login router(config-line)# password Set-Password router(config-line)# ^z

设置特权模式密码: router(config)# enable password Set-Password router(config)# enable secret Set-Password router(config)# ^z

给所有密码加密: router(config)# service password-ancryption Set-Password-Here router(config)# no service password-ancryption router(config)# ^z

设置登录Banner: router(config)# banner motd 分隔符 Set-Banner-InFORMation-Here 分隔符

设置接口的描述信息: router(config-if)# description Set-Port-InFORMation-Here router(config)# ^z

CDP的控制: router(config-if)# cdp enable router(config-if)# no cdp enable router(config)# cdp run router(config)# no cdp run

Ping的使用: router# ping IP-Address router# ping Protocol [ip]:[ Protocol-Type ] Target IP address:IP-Address Repeat count [5]: Datagram size [100]: Timeout in seconds [2]: Extended commands [n]:y Sweep range of sizes [n]:

Tracke的使用: router# trace IP-Address [ Host-Name ]

为Cisco 4000路由器指定媒体类型: router(config-if)# media-type 10baset router(config-if)# ^z

更改路由器启动顺序: router(config)# boot system flash IOS-FileName router(config)# boot system tftp IOS-FileName TFTP-IP-Address router(config)# boot system rom router(config)# ^z

修改寄存器数值: router(config)# config-register value

在ROM监视器中更改寄存器数值: > o/r value

路由器密码的恢复: 冷关机,然后再开机并在60秒内按+进入ROM监视器模式 > o/r 0x2142 或 > confreg 0x2142 router> I router> n router> enable router# copy startup-config running-config router# configure terminal router(config)# enable secret New-Password router(config)# config-register 0x2102 router(config)# ^z router# copy running-config startup-config router# reload

配置名称-主机入口: router(config)# ip host Set-Name [ TCP-Port-Number ] IP-Address [ IP-Address 2 ]... router(config)# ^z

定义DNS主机: router(config)# ip name-server Server-Address [ Server-Address 2 ]... router(config)# ^z

禁用DNS: router(config)# no ip domain-lookup router(config)# ^z

配置水平分割: router(config-if)# ip split-horizon router(config-if)# no ip split-horizon router(config-if)# ^z

配置静态路由: router(config)# ip route IP-Address Subnet-Mask [ Next-Hop-Address | Local-Out-Port ] [Distace ] router(config)# ^z

配置缺省路由: router(config)# ip defoult-network IP-Address router(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 [ Next-Hop-Address | Local-Out-Port ] [Distace ] router(config)# ^z

其它命令: router# show version router# show running-config router# show startup-config router# show flash router# show interface [ Type Port ] router# show buffers router# show protocol router# show mem router# show stacks router# show processes router# show cdp entry [ Device-Name ] router# show cdp neighbors router# show cdp neighbors detail router# show ip router router# show ipx router router# show host router# show ip protocol router# show ip interface Type Port router# show ipx interface Type Port router# show ipx servers router# show ipx traffic router# show access-lists [ ACL-Number ] router# show isdn status router# show dialer router# show isdn active router# show frame-relay pvc router# show frame-relay map router# show frame-relay lmi router# erase startup-config router# reload router# setup router# copy running-config startup-config router# copy startup-config running-config router# copy tftp running-config router# copy running-config tftp router# debug ipx routing activity router# debug ipx sap router# debug isdn q921 router# debug isdn q931 router# debug dialer router# debug ip rip router# clear interface bri

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  • 游戏类型:系统应用
  • 大小:31.54MBMB
  • 游戏语言:中文
  • 更新:2019-12-09 00:42:42
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